Category Archives: Allen Family

Fenian Demonstration at Manchester – 18671201

[By Special Telegram.]
(From our Reporter.)

Manchester, Monday Morning. – Yesterday afternoon there was a great Fenian demonstration in honour of the “Irish martyrs” – Allen, Larkin, and Gould. It rained heavily, but, notwithstanding, four or five thousand spectators. The procession halted opposite the site of the gallows, and gave several cheers for Allen, Larkin, Gould, and Ireland. The processionists wore green favours. The band played the Dead March and Adeste Fideles. At the close of the proceedings the processionists quietly dispersed.

Fenian demonstration at Manchester - Cork Constitution 18671202

Cork Constitution, December 2, 1867

The Roman Catholic Press on the Manchester Executions – 18671130

There are wise people who tell England, till England is tired of hearing them, that the Irish never will listen to reason, never will appreciate fair dealing, and never will see in humanity anything but cowardice. Every now and then, it must be said, this estimate receives a painful confirmation in facts. What else can we think when we read the comments of the Irish Catholic organs on the execution of the Manchester murderers? In the newspapers and on the chapel doors the Irish are told that it is a meritorious and heroic act to kill any defender or servant of the British Government in the performance of his duty. It is meritorious, they are told, to combine, to arm, to hold secret meetings, and issue mandates for the execution of any means that may be thought conducive to the subversion of the British rule, and the establishment of a revolutionary government in Ireland exclusively in the hands of one race and one religious communion. It is more than a duty – it is heroic to obey these mandates and execute these orders, whether by lurking assassination or by the use of overwhelming numbers and deadly weapons. Murderous assaults bring upon their actors all the honours of martyrdom and beatification. The simple fact of the recent case is that three men, armed with loaded revolvers, and assisted by forty or fifty others, armed with revolvers and other weapons, surprised and slaughtered an unarmed and perfectly inoffensive policeman doing his duty. They shot down upon him as he stood helpless in the well of the prison van, refusing to betray his trust. Unless the assailants had been swift to shed blood, as well as ready, they need not have done so in this case, for so many could have mastered the poor sergeant. The butchery could hardly have gained them more than a minute of time. This deed, horrible and detestable by every English standard, confers glory and immortality in the opinion of the Irish press. They proclaim, in effect, that this is what every Irishman ought to do when the opportunity occurs. The execution of the murderers, after a most careful trial and after every possible allowance in their favour, is ascribed by these leaders of opinion to the British “spirit of hatred and brutal revenge.” It is described as an “injustice,” which the Irish people are invited not to accept as one of the inevitable decrees of “Providence” – that is, as falling under the canon against murder. The practices and ceremonies of their Church, which have regard to the condition of souls in a future state are made the vehicle of attacks on the British rule, which is declared to be so utterly out of the pale of Christian law that it has no right to defend itself. Alike alien and excommunicate as it is, anybody may take the life of its servants without incurring the guilt of murder, while every act of self-defence on its own part, if it take life, must be murder and nothing less. In order to make England Russia and our Queen a Czar, these writers are rather fond of comparing their own country to Poland. It is not every Irishman who knows the condition of Poland, its history, its race, its politics, or what the Russian Government is doing with it. They would be considerably surprised to find the true state of the case. The surest plan would be for the Irishman to send some of its staff to Warsaw to establish a journal on its own lines, and supply paraphrases mutatis mutandis, of its own articles. The striking similarity between the two Sovereigns and Governments would make this an easy matter. The results we will not anticipate, but as the climate of Ireland is decidedly preferable to that of some less maritime countries we should be sorry to hear that any friend of ours had committed himself to the experiment. But the Irish do know the case and condition of their own country. In the first place, they know that they are permitted to call it heroism to slay an officer of the British Government, and a murder to inflict capital punishment for that crime. They are permitted to say just what they like. They are permitted to declare continual war upon the British Government, to proclaim it under perpetual outlawry, to maintain that no act against it is a crime, and even to promise advantages in the world to come to all who die or suffer in the crusade against it. In order respects Irishmen can do whatever an Englishman can do. They have the world before them exactly in the same sense that Englishmen have, and, as it happens, are much better able to make their way in the world than Englishmen generally are. The three unfortunate men who chose to make open war against the British Government at Manchester may really be called representative Irishmen, and no Englishman need be ashamed to point to their story. Allen, for example, was born near the town of Tipperary, which is at least as thriving as most English country towns. His father removing to Bandon, and becoming keeper of a bridewell, he was educated at a school under the superintendence of the present Bishop of Tuam. 1

The Right Reverend the Honourable Charles Brodrick Bernard (died 31 January 1890) was an Irish Anglican bishop.[1]

Bernard was the younger son of James Bernard, 2nd Earl of Bandon, by Mary Susan Albinia Brodrick, daughter of the Right Reverend Charles Brodrick,Archbishop of CashelFrancis Bernard, 3rd Earl of Bandon, was his elder brother.[2] He was educated at Balliol College, Oxford,[3] and appointed the 56th Bishop of Tuam, 55th Bishop of Killala and 56th of Achonry in 1867. He died in post on 31 January 1890.[4]

It is only four years since he became a Roman Catholic. At Bandon he was apprenticed to a respectable carpenter and timber merchant – about as good a chance as is found in that class of life. Indeed, any English gentleman wishing to apprentice a promising lad to a carpenter in good business will find that he has to pay a good premium. However, this foolish, unsettled youth was induced by relatives to go to Manchester. There he had the same chances and certainly the same liberty that other people have at Manchester. Gould, alias O’Brien, served an apprenticeship in a drapery business, in the prosperous city of Cork. He also tried his fortune in America, where he had many relatives, some in prosperous circumstances. He joined the army, and served several campaigns. It was thus his own career and circumstances, not the history and misfortunes of his country, that led to the unhappy result. Such are the two careers, which are forced upon us as fair specimens of the Irish social state. Will our Continental critics, always ready to throw Ireland in our teeth, say that they find in these two biographies valid reasons for placing England under an interdict, and relieving from present disgrace and future consequences all manslaughters and other crimes committed against her devoted head? But when the Irish press proclaim murder no murder, so long as the victim is an Englishman doing his official duty, they must be aware that the doctrine is progressive, and that their pupils will improve on it. Every hotbrained youngster, every man with a turn for enterprise, and everybody with a morose temper may now read on the chapel doors, or imbibe at his leisure from the popular organs of his party and creed, a warrant to murder everybody with whom he can fasten a political or quasi political quarrel in any way that he may please. He may do it by night or by day, alone or in masses, by ambuscade or by force, as taste or opportunity may direct. If he can only manage to escape apprehension at the instant, he will find an “underground railway” everywhere, passing him safely from one hiding-place to another; he will be enrolled on the list of Ireland’s worthies, and when he dies at last a grateful country will pray for the mitigation of his purgatorial pains. Such is the Poland of this despotic and intolerant Empire. We know not whether the Poles will see the likeness, or even feel flattered by it. So far as regards to moral aspects of the case, they may even prefer their own country, where, if there is an ever-smouldering rebellion, there is something like reason for it, which there certainly is not in Ireland. – Times.

The Roman Catholic press on the Manchester executions - Cork Constitution 18671130

Cork Constitution, November 30, 1867 – reproducing Times.

  1.  The Right Reverend the Honourable Charles Brodrick Bernard, the younger son of James Bernard, 2nd Earl of Bandon, appointed the 56th Bishop of Tuam, Anglican Church of Ireland, in 1867.

The Fenian Procession in Cork – 18671201

Qualify it as we may, the funeral procession in Cork on Sunday must have been a sad spectacle for any Irishman to contemplate. Let us put the most charitable construction on it, and if we could distinguish between treason and “political offences,” such as the one for which the three Manchester Fenians were hanged, linking the demonstration with the latter class, what does it amount to? In its mildest, most modified form, it was a procession of some twelve or thirteen thousand persons, [*Half the number] sympathising with men who were justly punished for a foul murder, committed in open day, in a populous English town, the victim being a sworn servant of the Crown, who had no choice but to do his duty or perjure himself. In its milder aspect, therefore, the demonstration was in sympathy with cold-blooded murder. We cannot, however, believe that such is the interpretation to be given to the procession in Cork; and, grouping the whole of the circumstances – the green ribbons, the rosettes and crape, the mourning costume, and the ladies’ tears – it would be an insult to the meanest intellect to give the assembly any other character than that of a demonstration to sympathise with treason, and, in so doing, to violate Divine and human law. Perhaps the worst feature in the whole is the money support alleged to have been given by deputy-lieutenants and justices of the peace. – Belfast News Letter.

The Fenian procession in Cork - Cork Constitution 18671205

Cork Constitution, December 5, 1867

Antecedents of the Convicts – 18671127

As none of the convicts lived long in Manchester, or had many acquaintances here, circumstances relating to their antecedents are not easily obtained. Allen was a native of Bandon, in the county of Cork. He had a few relations living in Manchester or the neighbourhood, and he came here in search of work as a joiner about the end of the year 1864. He obtained employment in the yard of one of the principle builders in the city, and for a time his habits were those of an ordinarily industrious working man. He made several acquaintances among his fellow countrymen, and secured the affections of a young woman of a respectable family; and there was every prospect that, but for his unfortunate connection with the Fenian movement, he would have ultimately married the girl. When or where he enrolled a Fenian is not known, but for a considerable time he had done very little work, and during that time he has been considered one of the most active agents of the movement in Manchester. When the meeting took place at which it was decided that an attempt should be made to rescue Kelly and Deasy, Allen was not present. He had gone a short time before on a mission to Dublin, and he returned from that city in time to take part in the attack upon the van. O’Brien, alias Gould, was the most active and intelligent man engaged in the outrage. He was well built, fairly educated, and by birth and sympathy an Irish American. It is believed that he had no relations in this country and few friends. The only person who attempted to visit him whilst in prison was the witness Miss Flannagan, who was called to prove alibi for him. It will be remembered that in her cross-examination Miss Flannagan denied having any acquaintance with Gould; her subsequent conduct, however, leads to the supposition that she knew him very well, for when she was refused admission to the prison, as not being related to the convict, she expressed her disappointment very keenly. O’Brien had had some military experience as a sergeant in the same regiment as Colonel Kelly in the United States army, and he was best known among the Fenians as Captain O’Brien. He is known to have been last autumn in Dublin and Liverpool, where he associated with Fenians; and at the last winter assizes in Liverpool he was tried, with two or three others, on a charge of his having in his possession a number of rifles belonging to the government. The rifles had been found in a cellar, with three boxes of phosphorous, one of the principal constituents of Greek or Fenian fires. Gould and his companions were on that occasion acquitted. Since that time he has frequently travelled between England and Ireland on Fenian business, and, from the information that can now be gathered of him, he is supposed to have been a very active organiser of Fenian circles. As to Larkin, there can be little doubt that he was the victim of such men as O’Brien. Of the five who were convicted he was the only married man, and till within the last year or two there is reason to believe that he behaved like a respectable working man. He had a wife and four children, and for three or four years he lived in one street in Manchester, carrying on business of an operative tailor. Recently he became an active Fenian, and in one of the Manchester circles he acted as a collector of subscriptions. He has not done much work for several months, and a few weeks ago, just before his apprehension, he was on the out-door relief list of the Chorlton Guardians. The man Condon, alias Shore, who was reprieved, excelled all the other convicts in his endeavours to promote the Fenian cause; and we can only suppose that it was the circumstance that he had not been proved to have had a revolver in his hands that led the government to listen to the intercessions which we hear Mr. Adams presented to the British Government on his behalf. Like O’Brien, he was an Irish American, and had no friends in this country. Like O’Brien, too, he served in the United States army during the recent war, when he held a commission as a captain. It has for a long time been supposed that he was a Fenian organiser; he has frequently been seen in Manchester, Liverpool, and Dublin; and when the rade [sic] was made upon Chester he took a number of men from Manchester to assist in the enterprise. It is also believed that he and another of those who were acquitted were the actual organisers of the attack upon the van. Condon has occupied himself since his conviction in writing an analysis of the evidence given on the trial against himself. It is a shrewd, skilful presentation of his own case. The principal paragraph in it is the following: – “It was not fair to bring me up for trial in the first batch, Allen having over 30 witnesses, Larkin 20, Gould 15, and Maguire 10 against him; while there were but five against me, and while others (Nugent and William Martin) had 10 or 12 each against them, and others had as many against them as I had. There can be no doubt that, in the absence of sufficient proof against me, the prosecution brought me up for trial with those I have named in order that the overwhelming testimony against them would prejudice the minds of the jury against me, who was brought up in their company; and I believe that, had I not been an American citizen, this would not have been done.” After remarking upon the evidence, he concludes: – “Therefore, by every principle of fair play and justice, I too, should be discharged from custody.” A copy of this statement was, we believe, forwarded to London. – Manchester Guardian.

Antecedents of the convicts - Cork Constitution18671127

Cork Constitution, November 27, 1867

A Fenian Funeral Procession in Nenagh – 18671213

Ever since the announcement by Lord Derby defining the Party Processions and Party Emblems Acts, the more advanced sympathizers of Allen and his unfortunate companions have in this neighbourhood been engrossed in preparations for a funeral procession, and we understand the services of a Limerick band have been engaged for the coming procession, which, it is rumoured, will come off in Nenagh on New Year’s Day with all imaginable pomp and circumstance. We hear the country people are being canvassed by a company of volunteers, and collections raised, ostensibly to pay for masses for the executed felons, but in reality to pay for the hire of three hearses and bandsmen, whose “patriotic” favour it has been found necessary to stimulate by liberal travelling expenses. We understnad no special masses will be said in Nenagh Chapel, as the Rev. M. Cleary, P. P., and his colleagues, are avowedly opposed to any movement to show that they have a scintilla of sympathy in the bad cause which brought the necks of three wretched desperadoes within the halter. – Nenagh Guardian.

A “funeral procession” is being organized, to take place in this city on Sunday next. It would thus seem that the miserable mania for exhibitions of sympathy with the executed Fenians is spreading. – Kilkenny Moderator.

A Fenian funeral procession in Nenagh - Cork Constitution18671213

Cork Constitution, December 13, 1867

William Allen, Manchester Martyr – Personal Correspondence with Alison Stewart – August 2014

Thursday, 19 July 2012 >William Philip Allen This post is a continuation of the previous one, in which I explore the Protestant Allen families of Galbally, North Limerick and of southern Tipperary. http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2012/07/anne-cuthbert-nee-allen-of-galbally.htmlRobert Allen, the father of our great-great grandmother, Anne Allen (who married the carpenter Henry Culbert/Cuthbert in Galbally in 1869) died in Park townland just east of Galbally, where the Protestant Allens seems to have settled.  There are so few Protestant Allens in this area, that I suspect a family between them, although researching the Allen family has thrown up few clues, so much of this is pure speculation for the moment. Galbally town sits right on the border of Limerick and Tipperary, and the evidence points to our Allen family as having originated a few miles north of Galbally in Co. Tipperary. The Protestant farmer, Edmond Allen of Park, Galbally, was murdered in 1886 at Shronell, Tipperary, and was the second cousin of the Manchester Martyr, William Philip Allen, ie: the fathers of both men were first cousins. William Philip Allen was born – most likely near Tipperary town –  in April 1848 to a Protestant father and a Catholic mother. His father, Thomas (Henry) Allen, moved the family from Tipperary to Bandon in about 1850, where Thomas was the Keeper of the Bridewell until about 1868. William was reared and educated as a Protestant in Bandon, but converted to Catholicism in about 1866 along with his only sister.  His four brothers, amongst whom were Joseph, James and Peter, remained Protestant, as did his father. William Philip Allen was educated to become a teacher in one of the Protestant school of the area, but eventually settled on an apprenticeship with a timber merchant and carpenter in Bandon, eventually working in Dublin, Limerick, Chester and Manchester. By 1867, the year of his execution, he had become involved with the Fenian movement which sought to liberate Ireland from British rule. A failed Fenian uprising in Chester led to the arrest of two men, Colonel Thomas J. Kelly and Captain Timothy Deasy, in Manchester in 1867.  It was while the two men were being transported in a police van on September 18th 1867 that a crowd of about 25 sympathisers surrounded the van in an attempt to free the pair.  During the ensuing chaos, a policeman by the name of Sergeant Brett, who was guarding the prisoners inside the van, was accidentally shot by one of the crowd who had taken aim at the lock on the van door. Kelly and Deasy escaped and were never recaptured. The authorities rounded up 29 men and eventually brought five of them to trial.  Two were released, but three of the suspects- William Philip Allen, who had almost been stoned to death by an angry mob during his arrest, Michael Larkin and Michael O’Brien – were sentenced to death by hanging. Allen said he regretted the death of Sergeant Brett, but that he was ‘prepared to die proudly and triumphantly in defence of republican principles and the liberty of an oppressed and enslaved people.’  He was only 19. The execution of the three men took place at the New Bailey Prison in Salford, Manchester. Two weeks later a symbolic funeral took place in Dublin in which 60,000 people followed three empty hearses to Glasnevin Cemetery. William Philip Allen, second cousin of the murdered Edmond Allen, had been born in Co. Tipperary in 1848 – some sources say his place of birth was Thurles, others that he had been born in a ‘well-known village’ outside of Tipperary town. Given that his second cousin, Edmond Allen, was known to have relatives in the area around Tipperary town, I went through the Allen landholders listed on Griffiths Valuation in 1851, although I’ve had no luck researching these people further. Griffiths Valuation, Tipperary Town, 1851 James Allen, house only in Mackanagh Upper, Clonbeg, south of the town. Paul Allen, Goat’s Lane, Tipperary town. House, small garden, and ruins. Thomas Allen, Bohercrow Street, Tipperary town, house. Samuel Allen, 132 acres in Greenrath, north of Tipperary town. Samuel Allen, Main Street, Golden, a house and yard – Golden is middway between Tipperary town and Cashel. Mrs. Judith Allen, landlady at Ballyryan West, north of Tipperary town, about 60 acres. Nicholas Allen, Fihertagh, south of Tipperary town, house and 10 acres. Further information about William Philip Allen can be gleaned from a newspaper reports of the era, published online on the Limerick City website, which reported upon the memorial march to commemorate the Martyrs in Limerick. Amongst the marchers were his sister, a Mrs. Hogan, and a cousin, Jonathan Allen.  Jonathan Allen, a schoolmaster of Boherbuoy, Limerick, and a prominent Fenian in the area, had been born in Newport, Co. Tipperary in about 1843 or perhaps later in 1851.  He was arrested for his political activities, and these arrests have been documented on the LDS site, but I could find no deeper information about him elsewhere. To be continued…..

The Murder of Edmond Allen – Personal Correspondence with Alison Stewart – August 2014

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ca/2012/07/anne-cuthbert-nee-allen-of-galbally.html

Sunday, 8 July 2012

Anne Cuthbert, née Allen, of Galbally, Limerick

Robert Stewart and Rebecca Cuthbert were our paternal great-grandparents, and the parents of our grandfather, Bertie Stewart. Robert Stewart, the son of Joseph and Elizabeth Stewart, married Rebecca Cuthbert in Dublin in 1898. Rebecca was the daughter of Henry Thomas Cuthbert and Anne Allen. Anne Allen was born in Co. Limerick in 1848 to Robert Allen who lived on the Limerick/Tipperary border at Galbally.

Henry Thomas Culbert and Anne Allen

Our paternal great-great grandfather, Henry Thomas Culbert,  married  our great-great grandmother, Anne Allen, in Galbally Church of Ireland Church in Co. Limerick on October 3rd 1869.  At this time the Culbert family had moved south from Offaly and were living close to the Limerick/Tipperary border in the townland of Kilshane.  Henry’s father was Henry Culbert Senior, carpenter, and one of the witnesses to the marriage was a fellow carpenter, William Airey, who can be seen later on the 1901 Census still resident in Kilshane. The second witness was Richard Allen, possibly Anne’s brother. Her father was Robert Allen, a farmer of Galbally. Anne’s mother was possibly named Sarah. The eldest son of Henry Culbert and Anne Allen, Robert Culbert, was born in Milltown, Offaly, on Jan.19th 1871, this being an area close to Henry Culbert’s homeplace of Corraclevin, Offaly. Henry and Anne Culbert moved back to Anne’s hometown of Galbally for the birth on April 26th 1873 of their daughter Rebecca, our great-grandmother, who later married Robert Stewart in Dublin. Shortly afterwards the family made the move to Dublin city and were living at 4 St. Lawrence Road, Clontarf, where the remainder of their children were born.

The Allens of Galbally

Most Allens in this area were Catholic;  given that our Anne Allen married Henry Culbert in the Church of Ireland Church, I’m only focusing on Protestant Galbally Allens, although conversion on marriage was common.  Sadly, the records for Galbally Church of Ireland parish no longer exist, so I’m patching together whatever paltry slivers of information I can find.  Much of this is mere conjecture, but may be clarified later by deeper research. The tithes books of the 1830’s indicate that most of the Galbally Allen families were farming on the Tipperary/Limerick border just north-west of Galbally town.  Anne Allen’s father, Robert Allen, was born circa 1802, and, given that the tithe books only mention one Robert Allen, I’m assuming that the Robert Allen mentioned below in Ballylooby is Anne’s father.  If this is the correct man, then Anne also had an older brother, John Allen, who was farming alongside their father in Ballylooby.  This may be the John Allen who later, in 1852, was farming at Keeloges immediately south of Park, Galbally.

The 1830’s Tithe Applotment Books for Galbally, Limerick

John Allen – Ballinamona, north of Galbally.

William Allen – Ballinamona John Allen – Annagh, north of Galbally. Henry Allen – Lyre Robert Allen – Ballylooby, north of Galbally. Allen (Robert) John – Ballylooby. (ie: John Allen was the son of Robert Allen.) Allice Allen – Park, east of Galbally.

Griffiths Valuation

was carried out in Galbally in 1852; there are two Robert Allens listed: Patrick Allen – Annagh William Allen – Ballylooby, 36 acres. Francis Allen Junior – Ballynamona, 20 acres. Edmund Allen (next door to above) – Ballynamona, 21 acres. Francis Allen Senior – Ballynamona, leasing a house from William Allen. William Allen – Ballynamona, leasing a house from Edmund Allen. Robert Allen – Galbally townland, 4 acres. John Allen – Keeloges, near Park, 113 acres. William Allen – Kilgreana beside Ballynamona, 4 acres. Edmund Allen – Lissard beside Ballynamona and Annagh, 11 acres.  William Allen – Park, 32 acres. Robert Allen – Galbally town, house, garden office and pound. Neither the Tithe Books nor the later Valuation books make note of landholders’ religion so it’s impossible to say for certain which of the above men were Protestant.

(Exodus: One of the above Edmund Allens emigrated to Douro, Peterborough,  Canada and appears there on the 1851 census along with other members of this Catholic family.  His wife, Bridget Fleming, erected a gravestone for him in Douro, Ontario, when he died in 1860, on which it was confirmed that he came from Galbally.  He been born there in about 1774.  Other members of this family on the same census return for 1851 were Robert Allen, aged 30, with his wife, Johannah Curtin, and their son Edmond Allin (sic).  A third Edmond Allin, aged 30, and born in Ireland, was present too, along with his wife, Ellen Clancy, and their three young Canada-born children, Edmond, Bridget and Margaret. The 1861 census for Peterborough, Canada, records the family of William and Bridget Allen, born circa 1811 in Ireland, along with their six Canada-born children.  In the same area was the Irish-born Anthony Allen and his wife, Mary, and three children.)

Anne Allen’s father, Robert, died at Park, Galbally, on 28th December 1875. He was a married farmer, and had died of debility, aged 73;  present at death was the illiterate Sarah Allen, who signed the cert with her mark, and who may have been Robert’s widowed wife.  If Robert Allen had been born in 1803, then his daughter Anne had been born when he was 46 years old.

Other Allens of Galbally

The death of a second Robert Allen was registered in the same Mitchelstown registration district – he was born in 1834 to John Allen, and died in 1899.  The Galbally marriage of this Robert Allen was registered in Mitchelstown in 1865; his bride was Nancy/Ann Riordan – they had Alice Allen in 1865, John in 1867 and Michael in 1870. Nancy/Ann Riordan was the daughter of Michael Riordan who lived in Lissard, Galbally in 1852.  Robert was the son of John Allen – there was only one John Allen in Griffiths Valuation for Galbally;  he was farming 113 acres in Keeloges next to Park townland where Anne Allen’s father died in 1875. It’s interesting also that Robert Allen and Nancy/Ann Riordan named their daughter as Alice, given that there was an Alice Allen named on the Tithe Books in Park in the 1830s. An Alice Allen  married Edward Thompson in 1883. She was Church of Ireland and was likely the daughter of Robert Allen and Nancy/Ann Riordan – Alice and Edward Thompson make a brief appearance on the 1901 Census for Lattin, Tipperary, with their 15-year-old daughter, Eliza Thompson, who had been born in Co. Limerick in 1886, before disappearing from the records. (Emigration?) Both Alice and Edward had been born circa 1850 in Co. Limerick but were farming just across the Tipperary border in 1901. Also of interest to me is Amelia Emily Allen, born 27th December 1827 1851 in Galbally to Richard Allen and – possibly – Nellie Blackburne.  Her descendant, Marilyn Williams, published her excellent research to the web; I tried unsuccessfully to contact Marilyn using an extinct email.  Her ancestor, Amelia Emily Allen, is of interst to me, since she was associated with the same area east of Galbally as my Anne Allen, and since Henry Culbert and Anne Allen (my great-great grandparents) named one of their two daughters as Emily Amelia. (The other being our great-grandmother, Rebecca Cuthbert, who married Robert Stewart.) Amelia Emily Allen, known as Emily, emigrated to Leamington, Warwickshire, where she worked as a grocer, before marrying in the Church of The Prior, Leamington, Charles Addison Whyman in 1851. The following year she returned to Galbally briefly to take up an inheritance at Little Round Hill, which is in the same Park area of Galbally where our Robert Allen died in 1875.  Emily Whyman, née Allen, subsequently emigrated to the US with her husband, Charles, settling first in Pennsylvannia, then in Gage County, Nebraska, where she died in 1901.  Her husband, Charles Whyman, was a celebrated baptist preacher in Gage County. Emily Allen’s father was Richard Allen of Galbally, who, it is believed, emigrated also to Canada with his wife and younger daughters in about 1830; he later moved to the US where he joined the Union Army and died at Gettyburg in 1869 following a long day’s march.  It seems that, when the family left Galbally for Canada, that their daughter, Emily Amelia Allen, stayed behind with her grandmother,  who was possibly the Alice Allen named at Park in the Tithe Applotment Books of the 1830.

Edmund Allen 1848 – 1886

The following relates the murder of the Protestant Edmond/Edmund Allen, who lived at Park, Galbally. According to newspaper reports, he had been born circa 1848, although, when his death was registered in the Rathkeale area in 1886, his date of birth was given instead as 1819. The obituary of Edmond Allen, Park, Galbally, was published on 19th January 1886 in The Limerick Chronicle.

‘Shocking Murder Near Tipperary – On Saturday evening a brutal murder was committed at a place called Shronell, situate about 3 miles from the town of Tipperary, but does not seem to be connected with agrarian matters.  The victim was a farmer named Edmond Allen, living at Park, near Galbally, in this county.  Deceased, who was about 35 years of age, left his house at midday on Saturday for Damerville, Shronell, the residence of Mr.Austin Chadwick, for the purpose of taking back a farm horse which a few days ago was lent to him by Mr. Chadwick’s land steward, John Tobin.  He arrived at Damerville at about half-past 4 o’clock. He remained there half an hour, and then left for home, a distance of seven miles. He was seen walking down the avenue and passing out of the entrance gate. At the Shronell side of Damerville gate is a high wall, opposite which is another high wall closing in the kitchen garden of Shronell House. By these two high enclosures is formed for about one hundred yards a regular alley.  In this lane-like place a few minutes past five o’clock was found stretched on the middle of the road the lifeless body of the murdered man Allen. The persons who found the body were Patrick O’Neil, grocer, Lattin, Michael Daly and Thomas Looby who live near Lattin.  There was no blood on the face of the deceased nor on his person or clothes, nor any marks whatever of violence.  Hence the men concluded the deceased had suddenly died a natural death. They did not know who he was, and they searched his pockets for any papers which might have been about him that would reveal his identity.  These they found.  One of the three men then ran up to Thomas Brown’s public house, at the Cross of Shronell, and informed Brown of the matter. Brown is a second cousin of deceased. Brown and his son-in-law, an ex-policeman, David Hoey, at once proceeded in their car to the scene of the outrage. They placed the body on the car and drove back to their house.  On arriving there they immediately sent for Dr. Condon, of Shronell. On the doctor’s arrival, they removed the clothes from the body, when it was seen that the man had been foully murdered. There were three bullet wounds on the back, one near the shoulder-blade, another a little lower down, and a third directly opposite the heart. They were pistol shots. Evidently he was fired at from behind. Two of the bullets lodged in the body and death must have been instantaneous. It appears the deceased had quarrelled with his neighbours at Galbally about a right of passage, and litigation was begun about 12 months ago, and has not yet terminated. It is stated a man was sent to gaol for three months at the prosecution of deceased in an assault case, arising out of the contention of the right of passage.  Deceased was a Protestant, and was well-known in Tipperary, where he had several relatives. He was a second cousin of Allen, one of three Manchester “martyrs.” He was a widower and had no family. He held a comfortable farm, on which he kept sixteen cows.’

The inquest was also published in the same newspaper: ‘The Murder Near Tipperary – Yesterday an inquest was held in Shronell National Schoolroom, before Mr. Tobias J. Morrissey, district coroner, touching the death of Edmund Allen of Park, Galbally, who was foully murdered on Saturday evening near the town of Tipperary under circumstances related in our fourth page. Mr. P.K. O’Neill, grocer, of Lattin, deposed to finding the body of the dead man which was lying in the road in the water-course, the hands being quite warm.  His watch and knife were in his pocket. Other witnesses proved the finding of the body on the road. The result of the doctors’ post-mortem examination showed that there were no less than six wounds on the body, five being inflicted by revolver bullets and another by a dagger or some similar weapon.  One bullet had passed through the unfortunate man’s heart and two through his chest.  The following verdict was found by the jury: – “That Edmund Allen came by his death at Shronell, the result of gunshot wounds, and that said wounds were wilfully and maliciously inflicted upon him be some person or persons unknown.”  Shortly after three o’clock, the remains were removed to Galbally by the relatives of the deceased, near to which he was interred. The funeral cortege was a large and respectable one.’

Later, on February 2nd 1886, Richard Hannigan/Richard Hourigan of Damerville, Shronell, was arrested on suspicion of having shot Edmund Allen.  It was reported that Richard Hannigan ‘was cousin to Widow Hannigan, the reinstated tenant at Ballyconroy, near the Limerick Junction’.  He was about 30 years old and was married. It seems that the right of way dispute had been ongoing for many years. As hinted at in his newspaper obituary,  Edmund Allen had already been jailed in Limerick for assault.  His prison record – available to view on the LDS site – stated that he had been born circa 1848 in Galbally, and that the offence had taken place in 1876, 12 years prior to his murder.

Richard Hourigan was found not guilty of the murder of Edmund Allen in July 1886.

Edmund Allen’s second cousin, named erroneously as Thomas Brown above, was actually the publican Richard Brown who died on 31st December 1893, and whose will was administered by his daughter, Margaret Hoey who was married to David Hoey of Derry.

Edmund Allen, as mentioned in the newspaper report, was a widower;   I got the marriage cert of an Edmund Allen from the Public Records Office in Werburgh Street – Edmund of Galbally was the son of a farmer, William Allen, and he married, on 6th February 1893, in the Parish Church of Doon, Co. Limerick, Eliza Thompson, the daughter of a farmer of Gortavalla, Doon, Co. Limerick, Edward Thompson.  The witnesses were another Edmund Allen (uncle?) and a John Howard. Because Edmund Allen was also noted as a second cousin of William Philip Allen, who was one of the Manchester Martyrs, I will do a second post on this individual as well.

Comment

Hi there – I recently was doing research on my great-great grandfather, Patrick Thomas Noonan, who lived in Galbally, and came across the murder of Edmond Allen articles that you have quoted here. Do you know if anyone was ever convicted?

Hi there Angela, I’ve scoured the internet looking for further information on the trial but haven’t yet come across the outcome of this trial. I might be able to track down something in the newspapers of the day however – just keep an eye on my Allen posts on this blog, since I’m constantly updating whenever I find new info!

Personal Correspondence with Alison Stewart – August 2014

Subject: Allens in Galbally
From: paul@hartallen.com
Date: Mon, 11 Aug 2014 11:10:23 -0400
To: rosygirl41@hotmail.com

Good morning – I’m a descendant of Edmond Allen, who emigrated from Ireland to Peterborough in Upper Canada in 1825. I’m interested in your research into William Allen (hanged in 1867 – one of three Manchester Martyrs) and Edmond Allen (murdered in Tipperary in 1886). Any primary reference materials would be very appreciated eg the marriage cert if Edmund Allen from the PRO in Werburgh Street, his arrest record etc I’m very happy to share my research as well! Paul Hi there Paul, It’s nice to make your acquaintance.  Unfortunately, all the William Philip Allen information was sourced online, so I have no primary source material for that.  Also, please bear in mind that I’ve no idea at all how my own Protestant Allen family of Galbally links into the other Allen families of that area.  I’m merely collating information on whatever Protestant Allen families of Galbally that I can find in the hope that eventually I can crack the case!!   There is very little information about the Robert Allen of Galbally from whom I descend, other than the fact that he lived at Park, where the murdered Edmund also lived.  I presume, because they were both Protestant, that there might be a family link, but I honestly have been unable to find enough detailed information to support this.The newspapers of the day mention that the murdered Edmund was a distant relation of the Manchester Martyr, so if I’m related to one, then I must be related to both, but this still remains a mystery! I have a marriage cert. from Werburgh Street for Edmund Allen of Galbally – the wedding occurred in the Protestant Parish Church of Doone, Co. Limerick, close to the bride’s home townland of Gortavalla, Doon/Doone, on 6th February 1883.  He was noted as a farmer of Galbally, the son of William Allen a farmer.   The bride was Eliza Thompson, the daughter of a farmer, Edward Thompson, of Gortavalla.  The two witnesses were John Howard and another Edmund Allen, although this could also be ‘Edward’ since the handwriting is slightly scrawly. I also got the death cert. for another Edmund Allen, hoping that it was the Edmund who was murdered in Shronell in 1886. However, this was an individual who died aged 67 on 14th March 1886 of senile decay, at what looks to be Ballynacogue or Ballyvacogue. A Kate Allen was present at his death and signed here name with a cross because of illiteracy.  I’ve no idea was this man Protestant or Catholic because religion is never noted on death certificates, but this may have been the Edmund Allen who witnessed Edmund Allen and Eliza Thompson’s wedding in 1883. Re: Edmund Allen’s arrest record, I believe I found that online on the LDS website, or perhaps on Ancestry.com. I hope this helps a little! Alison

The Inquest into the Murder of Edmond Allen – 18860118

The Murder in Tipperary Tipperary, Monday Today an inquest was held at Shronell National School by Tobias J. Morrissy, M. D., Coroner, touching the murder, on Saturday evening last, at Shronell, of Edmond Allen, of Galbally, county Limerick. County-Inspector Stephens and District-Inspector Shoveller were in attendance. Mr. Ryan, solicitor, Tipperary, appeared for the next-of-kin of the murdered man. A jury, with Mr. Richard Condon, P. L. G., Shronell, as foreman, having been sworn, Mr. Corbitt deposed – I remember Saturday evening, the 16th inst.; I was at Dameville [sic], of which I have charge; the deceased came to Dameville about half past four o’clock; he brought home a mare that was let to him by Mr. Chadwick, remained about a quarter of an hour, and went into the house and set a clock according to his own watch; I let him out at the hall door and did not see him afterwards alive. Patrick O’Neill, groom, Lattin, deposed – I was in Tipperary on the 16th inst.; I reached Shronell, on my return home, at about 5 o’clock; I was on a car; found deceased lying in the water-table on his face and hands; when we lifted him up we found he was dead dead; there was heat in him, and we placed him against the wall; when we had him fixed against the wall Timothy Quinn, National schoolmaster at Shronell came up, and said, “What is keeping you there, Pat?” I replied, “We found a dead man.” To County-Inspector Stephens – There was fair light at the time; Mr. Daly and John Bourke searched the body, and found a bill on him, on which his name was – Edmond Allen; then we knew who he was; we sent word up to Mr. Browne, knowing he was a friend of his; there was clear daylight then; I reached my own house at Lattin at 6 o’clock, and I gave word to the police at Glenane. David Hoey, ex-policeman, deposed – I got a cart from Thomas Sorly and brought the body to my father-in-law’s house, Richard Browne; when the police arrived I removed some of his clothes; I found on his chest a black mark, as if caused by something inside the skin; I turned the body then on the left side and found blood and two marks; the first looked to me as a bullet wound, and I found another crossing the shoulder from the left to the right, burning and blackening his skin; I saw Constable Ditley [?] lift a ball between the shirt and the skin. Drs. Ryan and Condon deposed that they made a post mortem examination. Three pistol shots entered the body of the deceased, one passing through the heart, the other two through the right lung. Both were fired from behind. The third struck the shoulder blade bone, and was found between the shirt and the skin. A bullet also entered the left arm and passed out underneath an incised and punctured wound behind the angle of the left jaw caused by a sharp instrument. The jury returned a verdict of wilful murder against some persons unknown. The motive of the crime is unknown. No arrests have been made. Inquest into the Murder of Edmond Allen - Cork Constitution18860119 Cork Constitution, January 19, 1886

Edmond Allen, of Park, Shot Dead – 18860116

Murder in Tipperary

Mr. Edmond Allen, of Park, Shot Dead

A well-to-do farmer named Edmond Allen, from Park, Galbally, co. Limerick, on Saturday evening, at Shronell, within three miles of the town of Tipperary, was shot dead. Deceased, who was a hale, middle-sized man, about 35 years of age, left his home at mid-day on Saturday for Damerville, Shronell, the residence of Mr. Austin Chadwick, for the purpose of bring back a farm horse which a few days ago was lent to him by Mr. Chadwick’s land steward, John Tobin. He arrived at Damerville at about half-past four o’clock. He remained there half an hour, and then left for home, a distance of seven miles. He was seen walking down the avenue and passing out of the entrance gate. At the Shronell side of Damerville gate is a high wall, opposite which there is another high wall, closing in the kitchen garden of Shronell House, the birthplace of the late John Sadleir. By these two high enclosures there is formed for about one hundred yards a regular alley. In this lane-like place, a few minutes past five o’clock, was found stretched on the middle of the road the lifeless body of the murdered man Allen. The persons who found the body are – Patrick O’Neill, grocer, Lattin; Michael Daly, and Thomas Looby, who live near Lattin. There was no blood on the face of the deceased nor on his person or clothes, nor any marks whatever of violence. Hence the men concluded deceased died naturally a sudden death. They did not know who he was, and they searched his pockets for any papers which might be about him that would reveal his identity. These they found. One of the three men then ran up to Thomas Brown’s public-house, at the cross of Shronell, and informed Brown of the matter. Brown is a second cousin of deceased. Brown and his son-in-law (an ex-policeman) named David Hoey, at once proceeded to the scene of the outrage on their car. – They placed the body on the car, and drove back to their house. On arriving there they had Doctor Condon, of Shrenell [sic], immediately sent for. On the doctor’s arrival, they removed the clothes from the body, when it was seen that the man was foully murdered. There were three bullet wounds on the back – one near the shoulder-blade, another a little lower down, and the third directly opposite the heart. They were pistol shots. Evidently, he was fired at from behind. Two of the bullets lodged in the body, and death must have been instantaneous. Several lawless outrages have recently been reported from the district of Ballyconroy, near Lattin, but deceased’s residence was seven miles away. For some time past there had been disputes between deceased and other persons concerning the right of passage and other matters, and prosecutions had taken place at Petty Sessions. Deceased was a Protestant, and was well known in the town here, where he had several relatives. He was a second cousin of Allen, one of the three Manchester martyrs. He was a widower but has left no family. He held a comfortable farm, on which he kept sixteen cows. At the meeting of the National League on Sunday, the Very Rev. Canon Cahill, P. P., V. G., President, in the chair – the Chairman, in most feeling terms, condemned the murder, after which the following resolution was passed – “Resolved – That we have heard with horror of the brutal murder committed at Shronell on Saturday night; that we denounce such crying outrages – first, because they are most atrocious crimes, and secondly, because they give a handle to our enemies to cry out for coercion measures against us; that we denounce the perpetrators of this foul murder as the worst enemies of their country, and trust they may be speedily brought to justice.”

The Inquest – 18860118

An inquest was held yesterday at Shronell, a few miles from the town of Tipperary, by Coroner Morrissey, M. D., on the body of the unfortunate man, Edmond Allen, who was murdered at that place on Saturday evening about five o’clock. The medical evidence indicated that no less than five shots were fired at Allen, all of which took effect to a greater or less extent. Two bullets were extracted from the body, and a third was found inside his shirt, having torn the skin superficially across the back. There was besides the wounds made by the revolver shots a gash under the jaw, from which it would appear the assassin intended to finish his dreadful work by cutting the man’s throat. The jury found a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence – that the man had died from wounds inflicted by some person or persons unknown. The crime has evoked a strong feeling of horror and indignation in the district. There have been no arrests made up to the present.

Death and Inquest of Edmond Allen - Limerick Reporter and Tipperary Vindicator - 18860119

Limerick Reporter and Tipperary Vindicator, January 19, 1886

The Arrest of Richard Hourigan for the Murder of Edmond Allen – 18860203

The Murder in Tipperary

The prisoner Richard Hourigan charged with the willful murder of Edmond Allen, at Shronell, Tipperary, was brought late on Wednesday night before James Dobbyn, J. P., Tipperary, and on the application of Head-Constable O’Keefe was remanded for seven years. On Wednesday morning the accused, handcuffed, was sent on to Clonmel gaol. A vigorous search was made by a large body of police at the prisoner’s residence, at Shronell. The authorities, though reticent, appear satisfied as to their possession of positive evidence.

Arrest of Richard Hourigan for Murder of Edmond Allen - Limerick Reporter and Tipperary Vindicator - 18860205

Limerick Reporter and Tipperary Vindicator, February 5, 1886